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Table 1 GHS hazard classification ofcleaning agents and polishing agents’ (n = 135)

From: Hazard Classification of Household Chemical Products in Korea according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and labeling of Chemicals

  Hazard category *1 Hazard category 2 Hazard category 3 Hazard category 4 Not classified
Acute toxicity      
  Oral 1(0.7) 0(0.0) 6(4.5) 44(32.6) 84(62.2)
  Dermal 0(0.0) 15(11.1) 9(6.7) 7(5.2) 104(77.0)
  Inhalation (gases) 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 1(0.7) 2(1.5) 132(97.8)
  cInhalqation (vapours) 1(0.7) 16(11.9) 23(17.1) 1(0.7) 94(69.6)
  Inhalation (dust/mist) 0(0.0) 1(0.7) 6(4.5) 1(0.7) 127(94.1)
Skin corrosion/irritation 17(12.6) 13(9.6) - - 105(77.8)
Serious eye damage/irritation 23(17.0) 20(14.8) - - 92(68.2)
Respiratory sensitization 6(4.4) - - - 129(95.6)
Skin sensitization 6(4.4) - - - 129(95.6)
Germ cell mutagenicity 14(10.4) 0(0.0) - - 121(89.6)
Carcinogenicity 9(6.7) 0(0.0) - - 126(93.3)
Reproductive toxicity 1(0.7) 0(0.0) - - 134(99.3)
Specific target organ toxicity      
  Single exposure 0(0.0) 1(0.7) 2(1.5) - 132(97.8)
  Repeated exposure 0(0.0) 1(0.7) - - 134(99.3)
Aspiration hazard 18(13.3) 0(0.0) - - 117(86.7)
Hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) 7(5.2) - - - 128 (94.8)
Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) 1(0.7) 18(13.3) 11(8.2) 11(8.2) 94(69.6)
  1. N (%).
  2. *It is labeled as “Danger” or “Warning” in accordance with the division of each of the hazard classification degrees of toxicity, and it is labeled as “Danger” if the degree of toxicity of the hazard is high.
  3. Regarding the acute toxicity, if the classification is hazard category 1, hazard category 2, and hazard category 3, then the warning statement indicates “Danger”. 7 products with acute toxicity (oral), 24 products with acute toxicity (dermal), and 48 products with acute toxicity (inhalation) were categorized as requiring “Danger” warning statements.
  4. 17 products causing skin corrosion/irritation, 23 products causing serious eye damage/irritation, 6 products causing respiratory sensitization, 6 causing skin sensitization, 14 causing germ cell mutagenicity, 9 products causing carcinogenicity, 1 product causing reproductive toxicity, 18 products causing an aspiration hazard, and 7 products hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) were all classified as GHS hazard classification result hazard category and the ‘warning statement’ of “Danger” was stipulated.