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Table 2 GHS hazard classification ofbleaches, disinfectants and germicides’ (n = 98)

From: Hazard Classification of Household Chemical Products in Korea according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and labeling of Chemicals

  Hazard category *1 Hazard category 2 Hazard category 3 Hazard category 4 Not classified
Acute toxicity      
  Oral 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 3(3.0) 48(49.0) 47(48.0)
  Dermal 0(0.0) 4(4.1) 9(9.2) 11(11.2) 74(75.5)
  Inhalation (gases) 4(4.1) 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 1(1.0) 93(94.9)
  Inhalation (vapours) 3(3.1) 9(9.2) 11(11.2) 10(10.2) 65(66.3)
  Inhalation (dust/mist) 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 1(1.0) 5(5.1) 92(93.9)
Skin corrosion/irritation 15(15.3) 11(11.2) - - 72(73.5)
Serious eye damage/irritation 20(20.4) 29(29.6) - - 49(50.0)
Respiratory sensitization 2(2.0) - - - 96(98.0)
Skin sensitization 6(6.12) - - - 92(93.9)
Germ cell mutagenicity 3(3.1) 0(0.0) - - 95(96.9)
Carcinogenicity 15(15.3) 0(0.0) - - 83(84.7)
Reproductive toxicity 0(0.0) 0(0.0) - - 98(1.00)
Specific target organ toxicity      
  Single exposure 0(0.0) 0(0.00) 4(4.1) - 94(95.9)
  Repeated exposure 0(0.0) 4(4.1) - - 94(95.9)
Aspiration hazard 6(6.1) 0(0.0) - - 92(93.9)
Hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) 23(23.5) - - - 75(76.5)
Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) 5(5.1) 11(11.2) 3(3.1) 0(0.0) 79(80.6)
  1. N (%).
  2. *It is labeled as “Danger” or “Warning” in accordance with the division of each of the hazard classification degrees of toxicity, and it is labeled as “Danger” if the degree of toxicity of hazard is high.
  3. †Regarding acute toxicity, if the classification is hazard category 1, hazard category 2 and hazard category 3, then the warning statement is “Danger”. 3 products having acute toxicity (oral), 13 products with acute toxicity (dermal), and 28 products with acute toxicity (inhalation) were categorized to be indicated with “Danger” warning statements.
  4. 15 products causing skin corrosion/irritation, 20 products causing serious eye damage/irritation, 2 products causing respiratory sensitization, 6 products causing skin sensitization, 3 products causing germ cell mutagenicity, 15 products with carcinogenicity, 6 products causing aspiration hazard, and 23 products hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) were classified by the GHS hazard classification in the hazard category and the ‘warning statements’ was indicated to be “Danger”.