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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of social workers (n=204*)

From: Posttraumatic Growth and Related Factors of Child Protective Service Workers

Characteristics   Number (%) Mean S/D
Sex (n=204) Male 83 (40.7) - -
Female 121 (59.3) - -
Age (n=204) 20s 120 (58.8) - -
  30s 73 (35.8) - -
  40s 11 (5.4) - -
Education (Graduate) (n=203) University 179 (88.2) - -
  Graduate school 24 (11.8) - -
Religion (n=203) Religious 167 (82.3) - -
Marital status (n=204) Single 146 (71.6) - -
  Married 58 (28.4) - -
Posttraumatic growth Total score (0–132) - - 44.09 21.73
  New Possibilities (0–30) - - 10.19 5.53
  Personal strength(0–30) - - 9.17 4.73
  Relating to Others (0–42) - - 14.75 7.90
  Spiritual Change (0–12) - - 3.65 2.92
  Appreciation of life (0–18) - - 6.33 3.47
Most shocking incidents (n=200) Physical abuse 75 (37.5) - -
  Emotional abuse 12 (6.0) - -
  Sexual abuse 52 (26.0) - -
  Neglect 61 (30.5) - -
Psychological pain ([110]) - - 6.65 1.86
Posttraumatic stress Total score (0–88) - - 28.73 20.05
  Invasion (0–32) - - 11.27 7.62
  Hyper-arousal (0–24) - - 6.67 6.07
  Avoidance (0–32) - - 10.78 7.50
Support in crises (7–49) - - 29.7 7.72
Support from agencies (n=200) None 174 (87.0) - -
  Vacation 3 (11.5) - -
  Job change 2 (7.7) - -
  Psychotherapy, Counseling 16 (61.5) - -
  Other 5 (23.1) - -
Colleagueship Satisfaction 99 (48.5) - -
Help seeking (n=204) Yes§ 177 (86.8) - -
Experience of counseling (n=200) Yes 13 (6.5) - -
Reason for not getting counseling (n=176) Might be able to solve by myself 65 (36.9) - -
  Lack of information 12 (6.8) - -
  Lack of time 41 (23.2) - -
  Concern about others’ attention 7 (3.9) - -
  Cost 14 (7.9) - -
  Believe it does not help 22 (12.5) - -
  Other 15 (8.5) - -
Stress Coping Total score (33–99) - - 61.71 10.68
  Ways of pursuing social support ([1133]) - - 21.16 4.56
  Problem solving-centered methods ([1133]) - - 23.70 5.19
  Avoidance-centered coping methods ([1133]) - - 16.78 4.27
  1. *Sample sizes vary slightly because of missing data on some items.Protestantism, Catholic, Buddhism, etc.
  2. Duty change, Hospital care.
  3. §To Collegue, Boss, Minister, Shaman, Doctor, Psychologist.