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Table 2 The t-test and ANOVA test for univariate analysis of factors influencing posttraumatic growth1)

From: Posttraumatic Growth and Related Factors of Child Protective Service Workers

   Subscales of Posttraumatic growth
Posttraumatic growth Relating to others New possibilities Personal strength Appreciation of life Spiritual change
Mean SD t/F Mean SD t/F Mean SD t/F Mean SD t/F Mean SD t/F Mean SD t/F
Religion                   
Yes -- -- - -- -- - -- -- - -- -- - -- -- - 4.17 2.88 −5.626
Non -- -- - -- -- - -- -- - -- -- - -- -- - 1.36 1.74 −5.626
Colleagueship                   
Poor 38.70 22.13 4.667* 12.48 8.19 4.721* 9.30 6.09 3.356* --- --- - --- --- - --- --- -
Moderate 40.01 21.81 4.667* 13.38 8.01 4.721* 9.21 5.38 3.356* --- --- - --- --- - --- --- -
Satisfactory 48.78 20.77 4.667* 16.44 7.44 4.721* 11.21 5.36 3.356* --- --- - --- --- - --- --- -
Help seeking                   
No 33.26 23.79 −2.275* 11.19 8.76 −2.907* 7.74 5.58 −2.458* 6.81 5.15 −2.583* 4.74 3.51 −2.583* -- -- -
Yes 45.75 20.99 −2.275* 15.29 7.64 −2.907* 10.57 5.44 −2.458* 9.53 4.57 −2.583* 6.58 3.41 −2.583* -- -- -
Experience of counseling                   
No 43.46 22.04 −2.408* -- -- - -- -- - 8.95 4.78 −2.217* -- -- - -- -- -
Yes 54.85 16.30 −2.408* -- -- - -- -- - 11.92 2.47 −2.217* -- -- - -- -- -
  1. 1) Only statistically significant variables are presented in the table. t-tests were used for Sex, Education, Religion, Marital status, Most shocking incidents, Colleagueship satisfaction, Help seeking, and Experience of counseling, One-way ANOVA was used for age, Most shocking incidents, Support from agencies, and Reason for not getting counseling.
  2. *p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.001.