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Table 4 Adjusted odds ratio of musculoskeletal symptoms according to psychosocial factors

From: Relationship between Occupational Stress and Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders in Korean Male Firefighters

Job stress Model I Model II Model III
Unadjusted OR* Adjusted OR Adjusted OR
  O.R. 95% CI O.R. 95% CI O.R. 95% CI
Physical Environment       
 Low risk   1.0   1.0   1.0
 High risk 2.37 2.14 - 2.63 2.31 2.03 - 2.62 2.22 1.96 - 2.53
Job demand       
 Low risk   1.0   1.0   1.0
 High risk 2.50 2.29 - 2.73 1.55 1.38 - 1.74 1.52 1.35 - 1.70
Insufficient job control       
 Low risk   1.0   1.0   1.0
 High risk 1.13 1.02 - 1.25 0.98 0.88 - 1.01 0.99 0.88 - 1.10
Interpersonal conflict       
 Low risk   1.0   1.0   1.0
 High risk 1.60 1.44 - 1.70 1.15 1.03 - 1.29 1.11 0.99 - 1.24
Job insecurity       
 Low risk   1.0   1.0   1.0
 High risk 1.90 1.71 - 2.11 1.13 1.02 - 1.25 1.14 1.01 - 1.28
Organizational system       
 Low risk   1.0   1.0   1.0
 High risk 2.22 2.01 - 2.47 1.24 1.10 - 1.38 1.37 1.21 - 1.56
Lack of reward       
 Low risk   1.0   1.0   1.0
 High risk 1.92 1.73 - 2.13 1.23 1.08 - 1.39 1.15 1.01 - 1.31
Occupational climate       
 Low risk   1.0   1.0   1.0
 High risk 2.16 1.94 - 2.39 1.33 1.19 - 1.49 1.24 1.11 - 1.40
  1. *: Model I:Odds ratio (O.R). confidence interval (CI).
  2. : Model II: adjusted by age, tenure, exercise, smoking, drinking, marital status, job title, job class.
  3. : Model III: depression added at model II as a adjusted factor.