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Table 5 Distribution of characteristics of dermatologic symptoms of the study subjects according to training status

From: The Effect of Work Characteristics on Dermatologic Symptoms in Hairdressers

Variable* Masters Designers Staff p value
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Dermatologic symptoms  
  No 336 (39.9) 304 (36.1) 202 (24.0) < 0.001
  Yes 52 (24.5) 76 (35.9) 84 (39.6)  
Affected body part  
  Whole body 11 (40.7) 12 (44.4) 4 (14.8) 0.016
  Face, neck 23 (35.9) 21 (32.8) 20 (31.3)  
  Forearms, fingers 99 (28.5) 127 (36.5) 122 (35.1)  
  Trunk, shoulders 1 (10.0) 5 (50.0) 4 (40.0)  
  Thighs, legs 9 (47.4) 5 (26.3) 5 (26.3)  
  Feet, toes 14 (63.6) 6 (27.3) 2 (9.1)  
Specific symptoms  
Redness and swelling  
  No 242 (35.6) 262 (38.6) 175 (25.8) 0.002
  Yes 69 (25.0) 111 (40.2) 96 (34.8)  
Redness and cracking  
  No 251 (32.9) 302 (39.6) 210 (27.5) 0.039
  Yes 47 (26.1) 67 (37.2) 66 (36.7)  
Blister formation  
  No 245 (31.7) 310 (40.2) 217 (28.1) 0.556
  Yes 56 (32.2) 63 (36.2) 55 (31.6)  
Redness and itching  
  No 225 (36.8) 236 (38.6) 151 (24.7) 0.001
  Yes 101 (27.3) 140 (37.8) 129 (34.9)  
Symptoms lasting > 3 weeks  
  No 179 (43.3) 140 (33.9) 94 (22.8) < 0.001
  Yes 56 (25.8) 76 (35.0) 85 (39.2)  
Hospital visit§  
  No 57 (23.7) 103 (42.7) 81 (33.6) < 0.001
  Yes 160 (47.8) 88 (26.3) 87 (26.0)  
Diagnosed by physician||  
  No 49 (19.7) 117 (47.0) 83 (33.3) < 0.001
  Yes 128 (47.1) 80 (29.4) 64 (43.5)  
Symptoms abated  
  No 87 (27.7) 118 (37.6) 109 (34.7) < 0.001
  Yes 109 (46.6) 68 (29.1) 57 (24.4)  
  1. *The total of each variable is not always 1,054 due to missing values.
  2. P-value by chi-squared test, p < 0.05.
  3. Characteristic dermatologic symptoms (itching, redness, swelling, cracking, blister formations) lasting for longer than 3weeks.
  4. §Requirement for hospital visit in the past year due to dermatologic symptoms.
  5. ||Dermatitis or eczema diagnosed by a physician (s) while working as a hairdresser.
  6. Dermatologic symptoms abated over the weekends or when off-duty.