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Table 2 The relationship between working hours, shiftwork, occupational stress, and presenteeism

From: Association among Working Hours, Occupational Stress, and Presenteeism among Wage Workers: Results from the Second Korean Working Conditions Survey

    Presenteeism
  N† % No % p-value*
Working Time (hr/wk)      
≤ 40 3438 48.3 148 16.6 <0.001
41-52 2056 28.9 814 19.2  
53-60 1035 14.6 79 20.7  
> 60 582 8.2 299 27.5  
Shift work      
No 6337 89.1 1185 18.7 0.328
Yes 774 10.9 156 20.2  
High job demand      
Low 5332 75.0 854 16.0 <0.001
High 1779 25.0 487 27.4  
Insufficient job control      
Low 4118 57.9 804 19.5 0.085
High 2993 42.1 536 17.9  
Inadequate social support      
Low 3752 52.7 674 18.0 0.046
High 3360 47.3 666 19.8  
Job insecurity      
Low 2963 41.8 573 19.3 0.363
High 4127 58.2 763 18.5  
Lack of reward      
Low 4265 60.1 743 17.4 <0.001
High 2831 39.9 595 21.0  
  1. *Based on the chi-squared test.
  2. †All numbers reflect weighted frequencies.