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Table 4 Job Strain Model psychosocial risk factors of WRMSDs according to body regions in public hospital nurses

From: Relationship between Psychosocial Risk Factors and Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders among Public Hospital Nurses in Malaysia

Body region Job Strain Model risk factorsa[OR (95% Cl)]
Psychological job demand Decision latitude Co-worker support Supervisor support Social support
Region 1b      
Crude 1.30 (0.86-1.96) 0.91 (0.60-1.38) 2.14 (1.01-4.53)* 1.76 (1.06-2.92)* 1.69 (1.05-2.74)*
Adjusted f 0.98 (0.91-1.06) 1.00 (0.91-1.08) 1.01 (0.86-1.19) 1.00 (0.93-1.08) 1.02 (0.93-1.11)
Region 2c      
Crude 1.00 (0.58-1.46) 1.19 (0.75-1.91) 1.28 (0.62-2.63) 1.28 (0.62-2.63) 1.44 (0.87-2.38)
Adjusted f 1.11 (1.02-1.21)* 1.12 (1.02-1.22)* 1.19 (1.01-1.41)* 1.07 (0.99-1.15) 1.10 (1.01-1.21)*
Region 3d      
Crude 1.52 (0.99-2.32)* 1.03 (0.67-1.58) 1.47 (0.75-2.88) 1.47 (0.75-2.88) 1.36 (0.85-2.17)
Adjusted f 1.02 (0.94-1.10) 1.06 (0.97-1.15) 1.03 (0.55-1.95)* 1.09 (1.01-1.18)* 1.06 (0.97-1.16)
Region 4e      
Crude 1.14 (0.76-1.71) 1.52 (1.01-2.29)* 1.11 (0.57-2.15) 1.11 (0.57-2.15) 1.17 (0.74-1.85)
Adjusted f 1.00 (0.92-1.08) 1.03 (0.95-1.12) 0.95 (0.83-1.09) 1.06 (0.99-1.14) 1.05 (0.96-1.15)
Any region      
Crude 1.42 (0.90-2.25) 1.00 (0.63-1.58) 1.77 (0.75-4.15) 1.58 (0.88-2.81) 1.45 (0.84-2.48)
Adjusted f 0.99 (0.91-1.08) 1.03 (0.93-1.13) 0.99 (0.83-1.18) 1.05 (0.95-1.15) 1.05 (0.95-1.17)
  1. Note: aJob Strain Model risk factors for WRMSDs using multiple logistic regression and expressed as Odds Ratio (OR) with 95% Confidence Interval (95% CI).
  2. *p < 0.05 indicate statistically significance differences.
  3. bRegion 1 (neck, shoulders, and upper back), cRegion 2 (arms, wrists), dRegion 3 (lower back), eRegion 4 (hips, knees, ankles, and feet) fAdjusted for age, BMI, weekly working hours, and years of employment.