Skip to main content

Table 1 Subjects’ characteristics by dysmenorrhea and job type

From: Emotional labor and dysmenorrhea in women working in sales and call centers

Variables All   p-value* Sales workers Call center workers p-value
Total Dysmenorrhea Prevalance (%) Total Total
N = 975 (%) n = 518 (%) N = 430 (%) N = 545 (%)
Age ≤ 29 309 (31.7) 228 (44.0) 73.8 <.0001 116 (27.0) 193 (35.4) <.0001
30-39 332 (34.0) 183 (35.3) 55.1   94 (21.9) 238 (43.7)  
≥ 40 334 (34.3) 107 (20.7) 32.0   220 (51.1) 114 (20.9)  
Smoking Current smoker 223 (22.9) 154 (29.7) 69.1 <.0001 81 (18.8) 142 (26.1) 0.0097
Non-smoker 752 (77.1) 364 (70.3) 48.4   349 (81.2) 403 (73.9)  
BMI (kg/m2) < 20 325 (33.3) 174 (33.6) 53.5 0.9599 175 (40.7) 150 (27.5) <.0001
20 – 24.9 533 (54.7) 281 (54.2) 52.7   243 (56.5) 290 (53.2)  
≥ 25 117 (12.0) 63 (12.2) 53.8   12 (2.8) 105 (19.3)  
Educational status High school or lower 608 (62.4) 305 (58.9) 50.2 0.0203 307 (71.4) 301 (55.2) <.0001
College or higher 367 (37.6) 213 (41.1) 58.0   123 (28.6) 244 (44.8)  
Living with a partner Yes 445 (45.6) 172 (33.2) 38.7 <.0001 243 (56.5) 202 (37.1) <.0001
No 530 (54.4) 346 (66.8) 65.3   187 (43.5) 343 (62.9)  
Living with a child Yes 427 (43.8) 155 (29.9) 36.3 <.0001 233 (54.2) 194 (35.6) <.0001
No 548 (56.2) 363 (70.1) 66.2   197 (45.8) 351 (64.4)  
Age at menarche (years) < 12 43 (4.4) 32 (6.2) 74.4 0.0068 13 (3.0) 30 (5.5) 0.0861
≥ 12 932 (95.6) 486 (93.8) 52.1   417 (97.0) 515 (94.5)  
Weekly working hours ≤ 51 643 (65.9) 338 (65.2) 52.6 0.6732 168 (39.1) 475 (87.2) <.0001
≥ 52 332 (34.1) 180 (34.8) 54.2   262 (60.9) 70 (12.8)  
  1. *Between cases and non-cases.
  2. Between sales workers and call center workers.
  3. p- value by χ 2-test.
\