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Table 1 Health outcome definition and source of data

From: Public-health impact of outdoor air pollution for 2nd air pollution management policy in Seoul metropolitan area, Korea

Health Outcome Definition Source of exposure-response function Source of population frequency
Long-term mortality Adult age ≥ 30 Death rate, excluding violent death or accidents, >30 years Dockery DW et al. [1] National death certificate statistics for 2010 and 2024(prediction) (adults _30 years)
Pope CA et al. [2]
Pope CA et al. [15]
Respiratory hospital admissions (All age) ICD9 460–519 Pope CA et al. [16] National population statistics for 2010 and 2024(prediction)
ICD9 466, 480–487, 493, 490– Spix C et al. [17]
492, 494–496 Wordley J et al. [18]  
ICD9 480–487, 490–496 Prescott GJ et al. [19]  
Cadiovascular hospital admissions (All age) ICD9 410–436 Wordley J et al. [18] National population statistics for 2010 and 2024(prediction)
ICD9 390–459 Poloniecki JD et al. [20]
ICD9 390–459 Medina S et al. [21]  
ICD9 410–414, 426–429, 434–440 Prescott GJ et al. [19]  
Lung cancer incidence ICD9 162 Raaschou-Nielsen O et al. [26]  
Asthma attack (children < 15 years) Lower respiratory symptoms, age 6–12 years Roemer W et al. [27] National population statistics for 2010 and 2024(prediction)
Asthma, age 7–15 years Segala C et al. [28]  
Lower respiratory symptoms, age 7–13 years Gielen MH et al. [29]  
Asthma attack (adults ≥ 15 years) Wheeze, age 18–80 years Dusseldorp A et al. [30] National population statistics for 2010 and 2024(prediction)
Shortness of breath, age 18–55 years Hiltermann TJN et al. [31]
Wheeze, age 16–70 years Neukirch F et al. [32]  
Chronic-bronchitis Symptoms of cough and/or sputum production on most days, for at least 3 months per year, and for 2 years or more Abbey D et al. [22] National population statistics for 2010 and 2024(prediction)
Acute bronchitis (age ≤ 18) Bronchitis in past 12 months, ages less than 18 years. Dockery DW et al. [23] National population statistics for 2010 and 2024(prediction)