Skip to main content

Table 3 Health outcome attributed to particulate air pollution in Seoul metropolitan area

From: Public-health impact of outdoor air pollution for 2nd air pollution management policy in Seoul metropolitan area, Korea

Health outcome 2010 2024 Without regulation about air pollution 2024 PM 2.5 20 μg/m 3 PM 10 30 μg/m 3 2024, the reducible number and fraction (%)
95% CI 95% CI 95% CI
Premature deaths /persons/year) 15,346 (4,498 ~ 26,242) 25,781 (7,555 ~ 44,098) 10,866 (3,280 ~ 18,081) 14,915 (57.9%)
Respiratory hospital admissions (All age) 12,511 (956 ~ 23,583) 14,163 (1,114 ~ 26,701) 7,837 (611 ~ 14,865) 6,326 (44.7%)
Cardiovascular hospital admissions (All age) 12,351 (6,715 ~ 17,868) 13,982 (7,602 ~ 20,229) 7,736 (4,193 ~ 11,227) 6,246 (44.7%)
Lung cancer incidence 1,403 (254 ~ 2,170) 1,590 (287 ~ 2,462) 962 (159 ~ 1,613) 628 (45.2%)
Asthma attack (children < 18 years) 11,389 (7,180 ~ 15,601) 9,745 (6,143 ~ 13,350) 5,563 (3477 ~ 7,688) 4,182 (42.9%)
Asthma attack (adults ≥ 18 years) 44,006 (22,142 ~ 64,488) 53,300 (26,813 ~ 78,128) 29,789 (14,835 ~ 44,093) 23,511 (44.1%)
Chronic-bronchitis 20,490 (219 ~ 35,340) 24,836 (265 ~ 42,884) 14,276 (145 ~ 25,686) 10,560 (42.5%)
Acute bronchitis (age ≤ 18) 278,346 (153,949 ~ 360,290) 238,222 (131,744 ~ 313,483) 151,943 (78,491 ~ 212,851) 86,279 (36.2%)