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Table 6 Logistic regression analyses of the responses to the EQ-5D items by the male older workers

From: Factors associated with health-related quality of life in Korean older workers

  Mobility Self-care Usual activities Pain/discomfort Anxiety/depression
OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Age 1.03 (1.04 ~ 1.01)*** 1.06 (1.1 ~ 1.03)*** 1.07 (1.1 ~ 1.04)*** 1.03 (1.05 ~ 1.02)*** 1.05 (1.07 ~ 1.03)***
Education (/<Elementary school) 0.55 (0.33 ~ 0.93)* 0.57 (0.21 ~ 1.57) 0.66 (0.31 ~ 1.44) 0.80 (0.50 ~ 1.27) 0.52 (0.28 ~ 0.98)*
Household Income (quartile) (/4th(highest))     
 1st (lowest) 0.96 (0.41 ~ 2.26) 1.97 (0.39 ~ 10.08) 2.21 (0.54 ~ 9.02) 1.84 (0.85 ~ 4.01) 2.02 (0.64 ~ 6.33)
 2nd 0.78 (0.38 ~ 1.60) 0.86 (0.19 ~ 3.92) 1.96 (0.56 ~ 6.91) 1.62 (0.86 ~ 3.05) 2.42 (0.95 ~ 6.20)
 3rd 0.71 (0.34 ~ 1.51) 0.19 (0.02 ~ 1.96) 0.87 (0.2 ~ 3.78) 1.17 (0.61 ~ 2.23) 1.56 (0.61 ~ 3.98)
Smoking (current/non & ex-smoker) 2.36 (1.45 ~ 3.85)*** 1.11 (0.40 ~ 3.07) 1.96 (0.92 ~ 4.17) 1.14 (0.73 ~ 1.79) 0.79 (0.41 ~ 1.50)
Hypertension (/no) 1.13 (0.68 ~ 1.88) 0.74 (0.24 ~ 2.24) 1.28 (0.57 ~ 2.87) 1.30 (0.84 ~ 2.01) 1.26 (0.68 ~ 2.33)
Diabetes (/no) 1.94 (1.05 ~ 3.58)* 0.19 (0.02 ~ 1.56) 1.41 (0.53 ~ 3.76) 1.30 (0.74 ~ 2.27) 1.62 (0.78 ~ 3.36)
Musculoskeletal pain (/no) 7.01 (4.26 ~ 11.56)*** 3.45 (1.28 ~ 9.34)* 5.82 (2.74 ~ 12.36)*** 5.26 (3.38 ~ 8.17)*** 1.62 (0.84 ~ 3.12)
Stress (/low) 0.79 (0.40 ~ 1.56) 2.12 (0.69 ~ 6.54) 0.32 (0.09 ~ 1.20) 1.18 (0.68 ~ 2.05) 4.95 (2.71 ~ 9.03)***
Occupation (/Elementary occupations) 0.38 (0.22 ~ 0.64)*** 0.35 (0.11 ~ 1.13) 0.49 (0.22 ~ 1.10) 0.60 (0.38 ~ 0.95)* 0.73 (0.39 ~ 1.38)
Working hour/week 1.00 (0.98 ~ 1.01) 1.01 (0.99 ~ 1.04) 1.00 (0.98 ~ 1.02) 1.00 (0.99 ~ 1.01) 1.00 (0.98 ~ 1.01)
Employment status (/Regular employee) 1.20 (0.67 ~ 2.17) 1.97 (0.59 ~ 6.57) 2.78 (1.11 ~ 6.96)* 1.03 (0.62 ~ 1.73) 1.25 (0.62 ~ 2.52)
R2 N 0.702 0.927 0.882 0.579 0.789
  1. Some variables were reclassified because of small group size. Education (0: elementary school, 1: middle and high school, and collage); occupation (0: elementary occupations, 1: office, service and manufacturing work)
  2. OR odds ratio, CI confidence intervals
  3. *p < 0.05, ***p < 0.001