Skip to main content

Table 13 The durations of exposure and latency, smoking status and pathologic types of compensated lung cancers by the kinds of main carcinogens in Occupational lung diseases institute, Korea (2004-2011)

From: Review of carcinogenicity of asbestos and proposal of approval standards of an occupational cancer caused by asbestos in Korea

Exposed substances (No. of lung cancer)   Exposure duration (years) Latent duration (years) Smoking status No. (%) Type of pathology No. (%)
Asbestos (30) Mean ± S.D.a 22.7 ± 8.4 26.5 ± 7.6 Current-smoker 18(60) Adenocarcinoma 12(40)
Median 22 24.5 Ex-smoker 5(16.7) Squamous cell ca 12(40)
Minb-Maxc 10-50 16-50 Never smoker 6(20) Others 6(20)
Crystalline silica (2) Mean ± S.D.a 22 ± 11.3 25.5 ± 13.4 Current-smoker 2(100) Adenocarcinoma 1(50)
Median 22 25.5 Ex-smoker 0(0) Squamous cell ca 1(50)
Minb-Maxc 14-30 16-35 Never smoker 0(0) Others 0(0)
Cr6+ & welding fume
(11)
Mean ± S.D.a 22.3 ± 8.8 27.1 ± 7.0 Current-smoker 8(72.7) Adenocarcinoma 5(45.5)
Median 22 29 Ex-smoker 1(9.1) Squamous cell ca 6(54.6)
Minb-Maxc 10-34 16-35 Never smoker 1(9.1) Others 0(0)
Others (10) Mean ± S.D.a 21.3 ± 3.9 22.7 ± 4.3 Current-smoker 5(50) Adenocarcinoma 4(40)
Median 22 22.5 Ex-smoker 2(20) Squamous cell ca 3(30)
Minb-Maxc 16-28 16-30 Never smoker 3(30) Others 3(30)
Single exposure (11) Mean ± S.D.a 23.2 ± 11.0 30 ± 8.7 Current-smoker 7(63.6) Adenocarcinoma 5(45.5)
Median 20 30 Ex-smoker 2(18.2) Squamous cell ca 3(27.3)
Minb-Maxc 10-50 19-50 Never smoker 2(18.2) Others 3(27.3)
Co-exposure (20) Mean ± S.D.a 22.1 ± 6.8 24.8 ± 6.2 Current-smoker 12(63.2) Adenocarcinoma 8(40)
Median 22 24 Ex-smoker 3(15.8) Squamous cell ca 9(45)
Minb-Maxc 10-34 16-35 Never smoker 4(21.1) Others 3(15)
  1. aS.D. is the abbreviation of standard deviation; bMin is minimal value; cMax is maximal value