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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: Prevalence and risk factors of low back pain among operation room staff at a Tertiary Care Center, Makkah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Variable n %* Have experienced LBP
n %**
Total 120 100 89 74.2
Age category (n = 120)     
  < 24 10 8.3 8 80
 25 – 34 56 46.7 38 67.9
 35 – 44 36 30 27 75
  > 45 18 15 16 88.9
Gender (n = 120)     
 Female 31 25.8 27 87.1
 Male 89 74.2 62 69.7
Marital status (n = 120)     
 Single 30 25 23 76.7
 Married 90 75 66 73.3
BMI (n = 90)     
 Underweight (<18.49) 2 2.2 2 100
 Normal (18.5 – 24.99) 27 30 19 67.9
 Overweight (25 – 29.99) 37 41.1 24 66.7
 Obese (>30) 24 26.7 19 79.2
Educational level (n = 119)     
 Diploma 21 17.6 12 57.1
 Bachelor 41 34.5 31 75.6
 Post-Graduate Degree 57 47.9 45 78.9
Specialty (n = 119)     
 Surgeon 44 37 31 70.5
 Anesthesiologist 17 14.3 14 82.4
 Anesthesia Technician 12 10.1 10 83.3
 Nurse 34 28.6 26 76.5
 OR Technician 7 5.9 3 60
 CSSD staff 5 4.2 4 57.1
If surgeon, specify: (n = 44)     
 Breast oncology 2 4.5 1 50
 General surgery 9 20.5 5 55.6
 Gynecological oncology 2 4.5 2 100
 Thoracic 1 2.3 1 100
 Urology 3 6.8 3 100
 Vascular 2 4.5 1 50
 Ophthalmology 6 13.6 3 50
 ENT 5 11.4 4 80
 Neurosurgery 2 4.5 1 50
 Spine 3 6.8 2 66.7
 Maxillofacial 1 2.3 1 100
 Cardiac 7 15.9 6 85.7
 Other 1 2.3 1 100
Current work experience (n = 119)     
 1 – 5 years 40 33.6 27 67.5
 6 – 10 years 33 27.7 24 72.7
  > 10 years 46 38.7 37 80.4
Current KAMC OR experience (n = 116)     
  < 1 year 35 30.2 25 71.4
 1 – 2 years 30 25.9 20 66.7
  > 2 years 51 44 41 80.4
  1. LBP low back pain, BMI Body Mass Index, OR operating room, KAMC King Abdullah Medical City
  2. n = the number of responders to each question
  3. *: shows the percentages of respondents in that category out of total respondents
  4. **: shows the percentages of those with LBP within each category