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Table 3 Associations between employment and occupational characteristics and prevalence of depressive symptoms by sex in older Koreans

From: Employment and occupation effects on late-life depressive symptoms among older Koreans: a cross-sectional population survey

Total N = 7,320 Prevalence of depressive symptoms
  Male Female
  Total % p-valuea Total % p-valuea
  3178    4142   
Employment status
 Employed 1874 9.9 0.012 1497 17.4 0.057
 Unemployed 1304 13.7   2645 20.3  
Occupation skill level
 Third/Fourth skill level 230 10.9 0.068 51 7.7 0.030
 Second skill level 1283 9.3   922 16.3  
 First skill level 361 10.7   524 20.1  
 Unemployed 1304 13.7   2645 20.3  
Working hours (hrs/wk)
  < 15 1351 12.2 0.298 2760 19.9 0.548
 15–29 311 13.9   346 18.0  
 30–51 943 9.8   699 17.1  
  ≥ 52 641 10.4   419 19.8  
  1. a χ 2 test