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Table 1 Bibliometric analysis of the 179 documents associated with pharmaceutical wastewater research produced by Arab countries

From: Contribution of Arab countries to pharmaceutical wastewater literature: a bibliometric and comparative analysis of research output

SCRa, b Countries Articles (%) h-index No. of citations Median citation (Q1-Q3) Average citation Collaborations with other countries Number (%)c of documents with international authors Most collaborated country No. of documents with most collaborated country (%)
1st KSA 47 (26.2) 12 396 5 (1-12) 8.43 21 37 (78.7) Egypt 7 (19.0)
2nd Egypt 38 (21.2) 10 358 2 (0-11.25) 9.42 8 17 (44.7) KSA 7 (41.2)
3rd Tunisia 17 (9.5) 7 217 6 (1.5-15) 12.76 6 10 (58.8) France 6 (60.0)
4th Morocco 16 (8.9) 7 197 4.5 (1.25-28.75) 12.3 3 7 (43.8) France 4 (57.1)
5th Oman 14 (7.8) 4 124 1.5 (0.75-5.75) 8.86 7 9 (64.3) India 3 (33.3)
6th Algeria 12 (6.7) 5 133 1 (0-16.75) 11.1 2 8 (66.7) France 6 (75.0)
7th Jordan 11 (6.1) 4 32 3 (0-4) 2.9 3 3 (27.3) Germany 1 (33.3)
8th UAE 9 (5.0) 4 78 4 (3-14.5) 8.7 1 3 (33.3) Oman 3 (100.0)
8th Iraq 9 (5.0) 3 37 1 (0.5-9.5) 4.1 3 3 (33.3) Jordan 1 (33.3)
10th Lebanon 5 (2.8) 3 50 3 (2-21.5) 10 4 3 (60.0) France 1 (33.3)
10th Qatar 5 (2.8) 2 10 1 (0-4.5) 2 5 3 (60.0) India 1 (33.3)
12th SAR 3 (1.7) 2 37 9 d 12.3 5 3 (100.0) Australia 1 (33.3)
12th Palestine 3 (1.7) 3 20 6 d 6.67 3 3 (100.0) Israel 2 (66.7)
14th Kuwait 2 (1.1) 1 14 1 d 7 14 1 (50.0) Bangladesh 1 (100.0)
15th LAJ 1 (0.6) 1 1 1 d 1 1 1 (100.0) Sweden 1 (100.0)
  1. Abbreviations: SCR Standard Competition Ranking, Q1–Q3 lower quartile–upper quartile, KSA Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, UAE United Arab Emirates, SAR Syria Arab Republic, LAJ Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
  2. aEqual countries have the same ranking number, and then a gap is left in the ranking numbers
  3. bNo data related to pharmaceutical wastewater research were published from Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritania, Somalia, Sudan or Yemen
  4. cPercentage of documents with international authors (i.e. from Arab and non-Arab countries) from the total number of documents for each country
  5. dInterquartile range was not available due to the small number of articles, which were published from these countries