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Table 7 Qualitative and quantitative comparison between the Arab world and the three most productive countries – the Arab world and three major Middle East countries

From: Contribution of Arab countries to pharmaceutical wastewater literature: a bibliometric and comparative analysis of research output

Region/Country Field Arab World KSA Egypt Iran Turkey Israel
No. of published documents 179 47 38 113 96 54
h-index 22 12 10 17 20 19
Total no. of citations 1635 396 358 780 1327 927
Mean no. of citations 9.13 8.43 9.42 6.9 13.83 17.2
Median no. of citations (Q1-Q3) 3(1.0-10.0) 5(1-12) 2(0.0-11.25) 1(0.0-7.0) 4(1.0-14.75) 14(3.0-25.3)
No. of collaboration countries 32 21 8 10 17 14
No. of documents from collaboration (%) 87(48.6 %) 37(78.7 %) 17 (45.0 %) 13(11.5 %) 19(19.8 %) 37(68.5 %)
Most collaborated country (No. of documents-%) France (20-11.2 %) Egypt (7-15 %) KSA (7-18.4 %) Sweden (4-3.5 %) Canada (4-4.2 %) Italy (7-13 %)
Most used language (No. of documents-%) English (175-98 %) English (46-98 %) English (38-100 %) English (112-99.0 %) English (92-96 %) English (54-100 %)
Used mother language (No. of documents-%) Arabic (0.0-0 %) Arabic (0.0-0 %) Arabic (0.0-0 %) Persian (0-0 %) Turkish (9-9.4 %) Hebrew (0.0-0 %)
Most productive institution (No. of documents-%) King Saud University, KSA (13-7.3 %) King Saud University, KSA (13-28 %) National Research Center (10-26.3 %) Islamic Azad University (21-18.6 %) Istanbul TeknikUniversitesi (27- 28 %) Hebrew University of Jerusalem (20-37 %)
Most used journal (No. of documents-%) Journal of Hazardous Materials (5-2.8 %) Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (3-6.4 %) Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Talanta, Water Research, Water Science and Technology (2- 5.3 % for each one) Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences (13-11.5 %) Journal of Hazardous Materials, and Water Science and Technology (7-7.3 % for each one) Water Research (5-9.3 %)
  1. Abbreviation: KSA Kingdom of Saudi Arabia