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Table 2 Distribution of depression/anxiety disorders according to general and occupational characteristics

From: The association between perceived discrimination and depression/anxiety disorders among Korean workers: analysis of the third Korean Working Conditions Survey

  Depression/anxiety disorders
Male (N = 22,020) Female (N = 13,510)
No (%) Yes (%) P-valuea No (%) Yes (%) P-valuea
Total 19,778 (98.8 %) 242 (1.2 %) 0.001* 13,286 (98.3 %) 224 (1.7 %) 0.001*
General characteristics
 Age (years)    0.072    <0.001*
 20–29 2303 (98.8) 29 (1.2)   2739 (99.0) 28 (1.0)  
 30–39 6369 (98.7) 87 (1.3)   4066 (98.6) 57 (1.4)  
 40–49 5904 (99.0) 58 (1.0)   3919 (97.8) 87 (2.2)  
 50–59 3664 (98.5) 55 (1.5)   1777 (98.4) 29 (1.6)  
 ≥ 60 1539 (99.2) 12 (0.8)   784 (97.0) 24 (3.0)  
 Education    0.360    <0.001*
 Middle school or below 1672 (99.0) 17 (1.0)   1490 (98.0) 30 (2.0)  
 High school 7113 (98.6) 100 (1.4)   4844 (98.0) 97 (2.0)  
 Collegeb 3199 (98.9) 35 (1.1)   2853 (99.3) 21 (0.7)  
 University or above 7794 (98.9) 90 (1.1)   4099 (98.2) 76 (1.8)  
 Alcohol drinking    0.587    0.345
 No 2716 (98.7) 36 (1.3)   4522 (98.2) 83 (1.8)  
 Yes 17,063 (98.8) 205 (1.2)   8764 (98.4) 141 (1.6)  
 Smoking    0.465    0.033*
 Nonsmoker 5801 (98.7) 75 (1.3)   12,111 (98.4) 193 (1.6)  
 Ex-smoker 3333 (98.6) 46 (1.4)   397 (97.5) 10 (2.5)  
 Current smoker 10,644 (98.9) 121 (1.1)   778 (97.4) 21 (2.6)  
Occupational characteristics
 Employment status    0.467    0.257
 Regular worker 16,774 (98.8) 209 (1.2)   10,290 (98.4) 165 (1.6)  
 Temporary worker 1915 (99.1) 18 (0.9)   2376 (98.2) 44 (1.8)  
 Day laborer 1089 (98.6) 15 (1.4)   620 (97.6) 15 (2.4)  
 Occupation type    0.055    <0.001*
 Management/professional 3773 (98.4) 62 (1.6)   3383 (98.8) 40 (1.2)  
 Office work 5047 (98.9) 57 (1.1)   3207 (98.6) 45 (1.4)  
 Service/sales 2421 (99.1) 23 (0.9)   3973 (98.3) 68 (1.7)  
 Technical 5933 (98.7) 76 (1.3)   914 (96.4) 34 (3.6)  
 Simple labor 2604 (99.1) 24 (0.9)   1808 (97.9) 38 (2.1)  
 Income (/10,000/month)    0.086    0.426
 < 150 2762 (98.3) 47 (1.7)   5961 (98.3) 103 (1.7)  
 150–199 3581 (98.8) 45 (1.2)   3386 (98.6) 48 (1.4)  
 200–299 7003 (98.9) 75 (1.1)   2588 (98.3) 46 (1.7)  
 ≥ 300 6432 (98.8) 75 (1.2)   1350 (98.0) 28 (2.0)  
 Number of employees    0.081    <0.001*
 < 5 3305 (98.9) 36 (1.1)   3874 (98.8) 48 (1.2)  
 5–49 10,439 (98.9) 118 (1.1)   6947 (98.6) 99 (1.4)  
 50–299 4003 (98.4) 65 (1.6)   1925 (97.0) 59 (3.0)  
 ≥ 300 2032 (98.9) 22 (1.1)   540 (96.8) 18 (3.2)  
 Tenure (years)    0.019*    0.002*
 < 2 5941 (98.9) 66 (1.1)   6309 (98.5) 97 (1.5)  
 2–4 4763 (98.4) 77 (1.6)   3976 (98.5) 61 (1.5)  
 5–9 4336 (98.7) 55 (1.3)   1957 (98.3) 33 (1.7)  
 ≥ 10 4738 (99.1) 44 (0.9)   1044 (96.9) 33 (3.1)  
 Working hours (/week)    0.002*    0.034*
 ≤ 40 7221 (99.1) 64 (0.9)   6055 (98.6) 84 (1.4)  
 41–48 4354 (98.9) 49 (1.1)   3044 (97.8) 67 (2.2)  
 49–60 6149 (98.4) 99 (1.6)   3273 (98.4) 54 (1.6)  
 > 60 2055 (98.6) 29 (1.4)   914 (98.0) 19 (2.0)  
 Shift work    0.703    0.125
 No 17,467 (98.8) 36 (1.5)   12,478 (98.4) 209 (1.6)  
 Yes 2311 (98.5) 206 (1.2)   808 (98.2) 15 (1.8)  
  1. *p < 0.05
  2. aCalculated using the chi-square test
  3. ba 2–3-year college degree