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Table 2 Comparisons of the characteristics of the study subjects according to the presenteeism

From: The association between Korean workers’ presenteeism and psychosocial factors within workplaces

Characteristics Presenteeism n (%) P-value
Yes No
6,347 (21.7) 22,899 (78.3)
Sex Male 3,538 (19.9) 14,274 (80.1) <0.001
Female 2,809 (24.6) 8,625 (75.4)
Age (years) 15–29 1,000 (19.6) 4,101 (80.4) <0.001
30–49 3,795 (22.0) 13,477 (78.0)
≥50 1,552 (22.6) 5,320 (77.4)
Smoking Never 3,423 (21.9) 12,215 (78.1) 0.006
Quit 757 (23.4) 2,473 (76.6)
Current 2,167 (20.9) 8,211 (79.1)
Drinking No 1,275 (20.6) 4,909 (79.4) 0.049
≤1/week 3,288 (21.8) 11,762 (78.2)
≥2/week 1,785 (22.3) 6,227 (77.7)
Education -Middle School 750 (27.3) 2,000 (72.7) <0.001
High School 2,254 (22.1) 7,939 (77.9)
College- 3,343 (20.5) 12,960 (79.5)
Income (10,000won/month) <100 524 (22.4) 1,816 (77.6) <0.001
100–199 2,573 (23.6) 8,335 (76.4)
200–299 1,804 (19.8) 7,309 (80.2)
≥300 1,444 (21.0) 5,436 (79.0)
Job type Professional 1,975 (20.9) 7,492 (79.1) 0.009
Office 607 (23.9) 1,934 (76.1)
Service 1,610 (21.7) 5,815 (78.3)
Manual 2,155 (22.0) 7,658 (78.0)
Employment contract Full time 6,081 (22.0) 21,603 (78.0) <0.001
Part time 267 (17.1) 1,296 (82.9)
Work schedule Nonshift 5,632 (21.3) 20,816 (78.7) <0.001
Shift 716 (25.6) 2,083 (74.4)
Working hours/week <35 277 (17.8) 1,279 (82.2) <0.001
35–45 2,103 (18.9) 9,030 (81.1)
≥45 3,967 (24.0) 12,590 (76.0)