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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of study participants by computer user and self-reported depressive and anxiety disorder (DAD)

From: Computer use at work is associated with self-reported depressive and anxiety disorder

Characteristic Total Computer workera DAD prevalence
  N (%) N (%) P-value % P-value
Sex
 Male 28253 (57.8) 10671 (37.8) <0.001 1.19 <0.001
 Female 20597 (42.2) 6848 (33.3)   1.83  
Age
 15–29 5091 (10.4) 2496 (49.0) <0.001 1.12 <0.001
 30–39 11471 (23.5) 6117 (53.3)   1.27  
 40–49 14147 (29.0) 5833 (41.2)   1.43  
 50- 18141 (37.1) 3073 (16.9)   1.69  
Occupational group
 Professionals + Senior managers 7431 (15.2) 5317 (71.6) <0.001 1.28 0.055
 Clerical 6691 (13.7) 5868 (87.7)   1.21  
 Sales + service 15817 (32.4) 4280 (27.1)   1.62  
 Manual worker 18910 (38.7) 2054 (10.9)   1.48  
Education
 Middle School or lower 9099 (18.6) 361 (4.0) <0.001 1.92 <0.001
 High School 19875 (40.9) 4447 (22.4)   1.51  
 College 7617 (15.6) 3819 (50.1)   1.13  
 University graduate or above 12259 (25.1) 8892 (72.5)   1.22  
Job status
 Self-employed, employer, and others 19886 (40.7) 4417 (22.2) <0.001 1.69 0.010
 Full-time employee 27134 (55.6) 12848 (47.4)   1.25  
 Part-time employee 1830 (3.8) 254 (13.9)   1.97  
Working hours
 20–39 h 4763 (9.8) 719 (15.1) <0.001 2.16 <0.001
 40 h 10767 (22.0) 6221 (57.8)   1.07  
 41–50 h 13448 (27.5) 5786 (43.0)   1.44  
 51–60 h 11145 (22.8) 3107 (27.9)   1.15  
 61 h- 8727 (17.9) 1686 (19.3)   1.97  
Current Smoking status
 Non-smoking 34216 (70.0) 121814 (35.6) 0.074 1.57 0.002
 Smoking 14634 (30.0) 5335 (36.5)   1.20  
Problem drinking
 Yes 10920 (22.3) 4490 (41.1) <0.001 1.47 0.821
 No 37930 (77.7) 13029 (34.4)   1.43  
 Total 48850 (100.0) 17519 (35.9)   1.46  
  1. aComputer worker is determined as using a computer for more than 1/4 of total work time following the definition of EWCS