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Table 2 Oxidative stress biomarker and pesticide metabolite characteristics of pesticide exposure farmer

From: Pesticide metabolite and oxidative stress in male farmers exposed to pesticide

  pesticide exposed farmer
Mean ± SD
Oxidative stress biomarker  
 8-OHdG, μg/g creatinine 0.939 ± 0.61
 Isoprostane, ng/mg creatinine 0.298 ± 0.18
 MDA, μmol/g creatinine 0.133 ± 0.07
Pesticide characteristics  
 Farming duration 37.55 ± 14.08
 Spraying year, year 24.17 ± 9.57
 Spraying day per year, day 10.46 ± 6.68
 PEM 6.02 ± 5.96
 CEI 196.20 ± 241.26
Pesticide metabolites (ug/g creatiine)  
 DMP 0.83 ± 0.89
 DEP 1.48 ± 1.27
 DMTP 3.24 ± 7.29
 DETP 4.84 ± 8.31
  1. Abbreviations: PEM pesticide exposure month (spraying year × spraying day per year /30 day)
  2. CEI cumulative exposure index (intensity level × spraying year × spraying day per year)
  3. DMP dimethylphosphate, DEP diethylphosphate
  4. DMTP dimethylthiophosphate, DETP diethylthiophosphate