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Table 5 Bivariate association of behavioral attributes and job environment characteristics and sharps injury

From: Occupational exposure to sharps injury among healthcare providers in Ethiopia regional hospitals

Variables n = 195 % p-value OR (95% CI)
Syringe with needle used free of charge from hospital 28 14.4 0.23 1.7 (0.73, 3.76)
No post-exposure management at the hospital 54 27.7 0.93 1.0 (0.53, 2.01)
No awareness on department to report sharps injury 59 30.3 0.38 1.3 (0.70, 2.53)
No privacy during counseling 61 31.3 0.33 1.4 (0.73, 2.59)
Lack of in-service job training 103 52.8 <0.001 6.0 (2.95, 12.03)
Previous exposure of needle recapping (self or others) 74 37.9 0.14 1.6 (0.68, 2.92)
Previous exposure to sharps injury (self or others) 64 32.8 <0.001 3.4 (1.82, 6.48)
Dirty and contaminated injection environment 10 5.1 0.24 2.1 (0.59, 7.66)
Unavailability of sharps materials collection box 39 20.0 0.94 1.0 (0.49, 2.17)
Status of sharp materials collection box 144 73.8 0.80 1.1 (0.55, 2.17)
Previous exposure to sharps materials outside the collection box 98 50.3 0.08 1.7 (0.94, 3.17)
Open dumping disposal of sharps materials 32 16.4 0.08 0.4 (0.11, 1.13)
Unavailability of universal precaution guideline 101 51.8 0.02 2.1 (1.14, 3.90)
Unavailability sharps collection box at distance of hand stretch 75 38.5 0.02 2.1 (1.11, 3.77)
  1. OR Odds ratio
  2. CI Confidence interval
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