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Table 3 Odds ratio for facet joint degeneration (FJD) at various spine levels, measuring risk in emergency responders compared to risk in hospital office workers

From: Comparison of facet joint degeneration in firefighters and hospital office workers

Segment Unadjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p-value Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p-value
L12 1.78 (0.97–3.30) 0.071 2.64 (1.32–5.31) 0.006
L23 1.49 (0.91–2.41) 0.125 2.29 (1.30–4.01) 0.004
L34 1.08 (0.67–1.74) 0.778 1.41 (0.81–2.46) 0.228
L45 1.27 (0.76–2.11) 0.384 1.92 (1.04–3.54) 0.038
L5S1 1.41 (0.87–2.26) 0.171 1.81 (1.03–3.18) 0.039
  1. CI confidence interval, L12 lumbar spine levels 1–2, L23 lumbar spine levels 2–3, L34 lumbar spine level 3–4, L45 lumbar spine levels 4–5, L5S1 lumbar spine level 5 and sacral spine level 1, FJD FJD was defined if Pathria facet joint degeneration grade is 1, 2 or 3 in either right or left side; Adjusted factors: age, body mass index, frequency of physical exercise