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Table 5 Distribution of preferred moral principles in mock casesa

From: Perception of and attitude toward ethical issues among Korean occupational physicians

  Moral principles P value
Beneficence Nonmaleficence Respect for autonomy Justice
Case 1      0.426
 Total (N = 147) 44 (29.1) 3 (2.0) 4 (2.6) 96 (63.6)  
 Specialist (N = 76) 26 (32.5) 1 (1.3) 3 (3.8) 46 (57.5)  
 Resident (N = 71) 18 (25.4) 2 (2.8) 1 (1.4) 50 (70.4)  
Case 2      0.025*
 Total (N = 148) 39 (25.8) 10 (6.6) 89 (58.9) 10 (6.6)  
 Specialist (N = 78) 24 (30.0) 1 (1.3) 49 (61.3) 4 (5.0)  
 Resident (N = 70) 15 (21.1) 9 (12.7) 40 (56.3) 6 (8.5)  
Case 3      0.934
 Total (N = 148) 33 (21.9) 23 (15.2) 7 (4.6) 85 (56.3)  
 Specialist (N = 77) 16 (20.0) 13 (16.3) 4 (5.0) 44 (55.0)  
 Resident (N = 71) 17 (23.9) 10 (14.1) 3 (4.2) 41 (57.7)  
Case 4      0.298
 Total (N = 149) 97 (64.2) 19 (12.6) 24 (15.9) 9 (6.0)  
 Specialist (N = 78) 52 (65.0) 10 (12.5) 14 (17.5) 2 (2.5)  
 Resident (N = 71) 45 (63.4) 9 (12.7) 10 (14.1) 7 (9.9)  
Case 5      0.499
 Total (N = 150) 126 (83.4) 12 (7.9) 6 (4.0) 6 (4.0)  
 Specialist (N = 79) 68 (85.0) 4 (5.0) 4 (5.0) 3 (3.8)  
 Resident (N = 71) 58 (81.7) 8 (11.3) 2 (2.8) 3 (4.2)  
Case 6      0.701
 Total (N = 150) 99 (65.6) 1 (0.7) 37 (24.5) 13 (8.6)  
 Specialist (N = 79) 51 (63.8) 1 (1.3) 21 (26.3) 6 (7.5)  
 Resident (N = 71) 48 (67.6) 0 (0) 16 (22.5) 7 (9.9)  
Case 7      0.279
 Total (N = 150) 75 (49.7) 39 (25.8) 4 (2.6) 32 (21.2)  
 Specialist (N = 79) 43 (53.8) 22 (27.5) 2 (2.5) 12 (15.0)  
 Resident (N = 71) 32 (45.1) 17 (23.9) 2 (2.8) 20 (28.2)  
Case 8      0.328
 Total (N = 148) 118 (78.1) 17 (11.3) 10 (6.6) 3 (2.0)  
 Specialist (N = 77) 65 (81.3) 7 (8.8) 3 (3.8) 2 (2.5)  
 Resident (N = 71) 53 (74.6) 10 (14.1) 7 (9.9) 1 (1.4)  
  1. aNonresponse and multiple responses were excluded from the analysis