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Table 4 Relationship between diastolic blood pressure and other independent variables

From: The association between cadmium and lead exposure and blood pressure among workers of a smelting industry: a cross-sectional study

Independent variables β coefficient
(Standardized β coefficient)
95% CI p-value
Age 0.202 (0.064) 0.075–0.328 0.002
BMI 0.950 (0.180) 0.597–1.303 < 0.001
Fasting blood glucose 0.062 (0.034) - 0.006 – 0.129 0.074
Dyslipidemia (Yes vs. No) 0.167 (1.169) - 2.134 – 2.469 0.886
High risk alcohol drinking habit (Yes vs. No) - 0.919 (1.103) - 3.090 – 1.251 0.405
Smoking status (Yes vs. No) - 1.003 (1.129) - 3.226 – 1.220 0.375
Adequate exercise (Yes vs. No) - 0.615 (1.091) - 2.762 – 1.532 0.573
Family history of hypertension (Yes vs. No) 4.796 (1.799) 1.254–8.337 0.008
Per doubling of blood cadmiuma 1.462 (0.668) 0.147–2.777 0.029
Per doubling of blood leada - 1.182 (0.803) - 2.763 – 0.399 0.142
R2 = 0.238 (p < 0.001)
  1. p - value was calculated by multiple linear regression analysis. alogarithm (base 2) transformation of blood cadmium or lead concentration. Those who were taking antihypertensive drugs were excluded. p < 0.05