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Table 1 Distribution of Depressive symptom according to Sociodemographic or Work-related factors

From: Emotional labor, workplace violence, and depressive symptoms in female Bank employees: a questionnaire survey using the K-ELS and K-WVS

Variable Normal Depressive Symptom  
  N (%) N (%) P-value*
Age 27 or less 54 (81.8) 12 (18.2) 0.008†
  Above 27 197 (92.9) 15 (7.1)  
Marriage Unmarried 214 (89.9) 24 (10.1) 0.61
  Married 37 (92.5) 3 (7.5)  
Education University or above 220 (92.4) 18 (7.6) 0.003
  Community College or below 31 (77.5) 9 (22.5)  
Regular Exercise Yes 162 (89.5) 19 (10.5) 0.546
  No 89 (91.8) 8 (8.2)  
Drinking No 46 (93.9) 3 (6.1) 0.35
  Yes 205 (89.5) 24 (10.5)  
Obesity Normal 246 (90.4) 26 (9.6) 0.561
  Overweight 5 (83.3) 1 (16.7)  
Job Office work 76 (90.5) 8 (9.5) 0.935
  Loan counseling 53 (91.4) 5 (8.6)  
  Bank clerk 122 (89.7) 14 (10.3)  
Tenure(year) Less than 3 111 (89.5) 13 (10.5) 0.697
  3 or above 140 (90.9) 14 (9.1)  
Employment Status Regular worker 87 (92.6) 7 (7.4) 0.362
  Temporary work 184 (89.1) 20 (10.9)  
Work hour per week 51 or less 166 (92.7) 13 (7.3) 0.064
  Above 51 85 (85.9) 14 (14.1)  
Work hour sufficiency Yes 178 (94.2) 11 (5.8) < 0.001†
  No 73 (82.0) 16 (18.0)  
Income (won/10,000/year) Less than 3000 37 (90.2) 4 (9.8) 0.861
  3000–3999 140 (89.2) 17 (10.8)  
  4000–4999 65 (92.9) 6 (7.1)  
  5000 or above 9 (90.0) 21 (10.1)  
Income sufficiency Yes 172 (90.5) 18 (9.5) 0.844
  No 79 (89.8) 9 (10.2)  
  Total 251 (90.3) 27 (9.7)  
  1. *by Chi-square test
  2. †p < 0.05