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Table 4 Distribution of Depressive symptom according to number of High risk of Emotional labor-related factors and Workplace violence-related factors

From: Emotional labor, workplace violence, and depressive symptoms in female Bank employees: a questionnaire survey using the K-ELS and K-WVS

Variable   Normal Depression Symptom  
  N (%) N (%) P-value*
Number of High risk of Emotional Labor None 105 (95.5%) 5 (4.5%) 0.019†
1 or above 146 (86.9%) 22 (13.1%)  
Number of High risk of Workplace violence None 120 (96.0%) 5 (4.0%) 0.004†
1 or above 131 (85.6%) 22 (14.4%)  
  Total 251 (90.3) 27 (9.7)  
  1. *by Chi-square test
  2. †p < 0.05