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Table 4 Prevalence of depressive symptoms by working hours and job stress

From: Working hours and depressive symptoms: the role of job stress factors

  No. of total subjects No. of subjects with depressive symptoms %
Total 23,197 9977 43.0
Working hours
 35–39 644 311 48.3
 40 10,497 3981 37.9
 41–52 7299 3168 43.4
 53–68 3653 1918 52.5
  > 68 1104 599 54.3
Difficult physical environment
 Yes 11,589 5355 46.2
 No 11,608 4622 39.8
Job autonomy
 Yes 11,865 4870 41.0
 No 11,332 5107 45.1
Job demand (mean ± SD) 29.3 ± 19.3 31.1 ± 19.3  
Social support 19.3 19.3  
 Yes 18,672 7422 39.7
 No 4069 2320 57.0
 Non-applicable 456 235 51.5
Adequate reward
 Agree 8874 2796 31.5
 Neither agree nor disagree 9309 4338 46.6
 Disagree 5014 2843 56.7
  1. Abbreviations: standard deviation, SD