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Table 2 Basic characteristics of study population in both higha (the top 75th percentile) and low urinary concentration of triclosan group by gender

From: Relationship between personal care products usage and triclosan exposure: the second Korean National Environmental Health Survey (KoNEHS 2012–2014)

  Male Female
Category   Low (n = 2016) High (n = 676) p value Low (n = 2696) High (n = 900) p value
Age (years)   52.6 (15.3) 49.0 (15.9) < 0.0001 52.3 (14.7) 48.8 (14.7) < 0.0001
BMI (kg/m2)   24.5 (3.1) 24.7 (3.3) 0.219 24.1 (3.5) 23.9 (3.5) 0.034
Education ≤ Middle school 618 (30.6) 144 (21.3) < 0.0001 1162 (43.1) 283 (31.4) < 0.0001
High school 633 (31.4) 189 (28.0)   783 (29.0) 296 (32.9)  
≥ College 765 (38.0) 343 (50.7)   751 (27.9) 321 (35.7)  
Marital status Single 234 (11.6) 112 (16.6) 0.003 187 (6.9) 99 (11.0) < 0.0001
Married 1678 (83.2) 535 (79.1)   2088 (77.5) 691 (76.8)  
Others 104 (5.2) 29 (4.3)   421 (15.6) 110 (12.2)  
Household income 1st quartile 598 (29.6) 171 (29.3) 0.039 790 (29.3) 208 (23.1) < 0.0001
2nd quartile 947 (47.0) 314 (46.4)   1223 (45.4) 416 (46.2)  
3rd quartile 451 (22.4) 183 (27.1)   663 (24.6) 266 (29.6)  
4th quartile 20 (1.0) 8 (1.2)   20 (0.7) 10 (1.1)  
Smoking None 552 (27.4) 190 (28.2) 0.898 2551 (94.6) 854 (94.9) 0.135
Ex-smoker 721 (35.8) 243 (35.9)   43 (1.6) 21 (2.3)  
Current smoker 743 (36.8) 243 (35.9)   102 (3.8) 25 (2.8)  
Alcohol None 333 (16.5) 96 (14.2) < 0.0001 1323 (49.1) 401 (44.5) 0.036
Ex 227 (11.3) 47 (6.9)   96 (3.6) 42 (4.7)  
Current 1456 (72.2) 533 (78.9)   1277 (47.3) 457 (50.8)  
Exercise No 1007 (49.9) 302 (44.7) 0.029 1538 (57.0) 460 (51.1) 0.005
Moderate 215 (10.7) 69 (10.2)   300 (11.1) 125 (13.9)  
Vigorous 794 (39.4) 305 (45.1)   858 (31.9) 315 (35.0)  
Fragrance products Rarely 1740 (86.3) 529 (78.3) < 0.0001 2106 (78.1) 648 (72.0) < 0.0001
< Once a week 83 (4.1) 39 (5.8)   192 (7.1) 89 (9.9)  
≥ Once a week 193 (9.6) 108 (15.9)   398 (14.8) 163 (18.1)  
Hair care products Rarely 1510 (74.9) 438 (64.8) < 0.0001 1442 (53.5) 448 (49.8) 0.113
< Once a week 179 (8.9) 72 (10.6)   360 (13.3) 121 (13.4)  
≥ Once a week 327 (16.2) 166 (24.6)   894 (33.2) 331 (36.8)  
Body cleansers Rarely 1496 (74.2) 406 (60.1) < 0.0001 858 (31.8) 198 (22.0) < 0.0001
< Once a week 13 (1.6) 13 (1.9)   49 (1.8) 15 (1.7)  
≥ Once a week 487 (24.2) 257 (38.0)   1789 (66.4) 687 (76.3)  
Cosmetics Rarely 1814 (90.0) 567 (83.9) < 0.0001 629 (23.3) 144 (16.0) < 0.0001
< Once a week 56 (2.8) 25 (3.7)   136 (5.0) 35 (3.9)  
≥ Once a week 146 (7.2) 84 (12.4)   1931 (71.6) 721 (80.1)  
Nail care products Rarely 2007 (99.5) 674 (99.7) 0.604 2024 (75.1) 620 (68.9) 0.001
< Once a week 6 (0.3) 2 (0.3)   469 (17.4) 201 (22.3)  
≥ Once a week 3 (0.2) 0 (0.0)   203 (7.5) 79 (8.8)  
Antimicrobial agents Rarely 1763 (87.4) 557 (82.4) 0.004 2215 (82.2) 699 (77.7) 0.008
< Once a week 38 (1.9) 19 (2.8)   114 (4.2) 42 (4.7)  
≥ Once a week 215 (10.7) 100 (14.8)   367 (13.6) 159 (17.6)  
Air fresheners Rarely 1517 (75.3) 500 (73.9) 0.55 2014 (74.7) 642 (71.3) 0.13
< Once a week 57 (2.8) 16 (2.4)   113 (4.2) 45 (5.0)  
≥ Once a week 442 (21.9) 160 (23.7)   569 (21.1) 213 (23.7)  
  1. a Male:≥ 1.096 μg/g creatinine, female: ≥1.329 μg/g creatinine, data are mean (standard deviation), or number (%)