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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study subjects according to gender

From: Difference in health status of Korean farmers according to gender

Variables Male Female p-value*
n (%) or Mean ± SD n (%) or Mean ± SD
Demographic variables    
 Age (years)a 62.7 ± 9.21 60.9 ± 9.67 0.048
 Work duration (years)a 29.2 ± 18.5 29.1 ± 16.8 0.950
Main cropsb    0.952
 Grains 34 (16.7) 42 (18.1)  
 Vegetables 54 (26.5) 65 (28.0)  
 Fruits 106 (52.0) 115 (49.6)  
 Livestock 8 (3.9) 7 (3.0)  
 Other 2 (1.0) 3 (1.3)  
Spouseb    0.002
 No 18 (8.8) 44 (19.0)  
 Yes 186 (91.2) 187 (81.0)  
Presence of family members other than the spouseb    0.903
 No 66 (32.4) 76 (32.9)  
 Yes 138 (67.6) 155 (67.1)  
Income (million KRW)b    0.133
  < 10 60 (32.8) 89 (41.8)  
 10–24 38 (20.8) 47 (22.1)  
 25–49 64 (35.0) 53 (24.9)  
  ≥ 50 21 (11.5) 24 (11.3)  
Housework time (hours/day)b    0.000
 0 100 (49.0) 3 (1.3)  
  < 2 76 (37.3) 85 (36.6)  
  ≥ 2 28 (13.7) 144 (62.1)  
Health-related behaviorsb    
 Alcohol drinking    0.000
  Nondrinker 78 (38.2) 188 (81.0)  
  1/week 34 (16.7) 30 (12.9)  
  More than 2/week 92 (45.1) 14 (6.0)  
 Smoking    0.000
  Nonsmoker 74 (36.3) 225 (97.4)  
  Ex-smoker 65 (31.9) 4 (1.7)  
  Current smoker 65 (31.9) 2 (0.9)  
 Exercise    0.124
  No 110 (53.9) 142 (61.2)  
  Yes 94 (46.1) 90 (38.8)  
  1. KRW South Korean won.
  2. *p-value by t-test or Chi-square test
  3. aMean ± SD
  4. bN (%)