Skip to main content

Table 1 Distribution of depression according to general characteristics

From: The relationship between depressive symptoms among female workers and job stress and sleep quality

Variable Number (%) Mean CES-D score N (%) p-value *
<21 ≥21
Age (years)      <0.001
≤24 2,396(49.1) 14.6 1,799(75.1) 597(24.9)  
25-29 1,971(40.4) 12.5 1,627(82.5) 344(17.5)  
≥30 516(10.6) 9.4 479(92.8) 37(7.2)  
Educational level      <0.001
≤High school 2,852(58.4) 14.6 2,161(75.8) 691(24.2)  
≥College 2,031(41.6) 11.2 1,744(85.9) 287(14.1)  
Marital status      <0.001
Unmarried 3,967(81.2) 14.0 3,082(77.7) 885(22.3)  
Married 887(18.2) 9.7 803(90.5) 84(9.5)  
Divorced or widowed 29(0.6) 16.9 20(69.0) 9(31.0)  
BMI (kg/m2)      <0.001
<18.5 727(14.9) 13.1 575(79.1) 152(20.9)  
18.5-24.9 3,602(73.8) 12.9 2,925(81.2) 677(18.8)  
≥25.0 554(11.3) 15.0 405(73.1) 149(26.9)  
Smoking habit      0.993
Non-smoker 2,888(59.1) 13.3 2,311(80.0) 577(20.0)  
Ex-smoker 699(14.3) 13.1 558(79.8) 141(20.2)  
Current smoker 1,296(26.5) 13.0 1,036(79.9) 260(20.1)  
Alcohol drinking      <0.001
<1 time per week 2,081(42.6) 12.7 1,709(82.1) 372(17.9)  
≥1 time per week 2,802(57.4) 13.6 2,196(78.4) 606(21.6)  
Regular exercise      0.755
<3 times per week 1,279(26.2) 13.3 1,019(79.7) 260(20.3)  
≥3 times per week 3,604(73.8) 13.2 2,886(80.1) 718(19.9)  
Job tenure (years)      <0.001
<1 179(3.7) 11.2 153(85.5) 26(14.5)  
1-4 1,621(33.2) 14.4 1,224(75.5) 397(24.5)  
5-9 2,540(52.0) 13.1 2,050(80.7) 490(19.3)  
≥10 543(11.1) 10.7 478(88.0) 65(12.0)  
Total 4,883(100.0) 13.2 3,905(80.0) 978(20.0) <0.001
  1. *comparison by chi-squared test.