Skip to main content

Table 4 Prevalence of poor self-rated health according to socio-demographic characteristics

From: The Association between Long Working Hours and Self-Rated Health

Variables   Total Male Female
Prevalence of poor self-rated health p-value Prevalence of poor self-rated health p-value Prevalence of poor self-rated health p-value
   %*   %*   %*  
Weekly working hours ≤40 29.7 0.007 27.9 0.387 32.7 <0.001
40 < × ≤ 52 29.9 26.2 36.7
52 < × ≤ 60 31.7 27.8 40.3
>60 38.4 31.5 51.8
Age 25-34 22.2 <0.001 20.8 <0.001 24.3 <0.001
(years) 35-44 26.4 23.0 34.0
45-54 39.9 34.1 49.8
55-64 51.8 45.0 67.5
Marital status Never married 21.5 <0.001 19.8 <0.001 24.4 <0.001
Married 31.7 28.3 38.8
Others 56.0 51.8 59.4
Educational status ≤Junior 53.5 <0.001 46.7 <0.001 60.9 <0.001
high school
High school 31.2 28.8 35.8
≥College 24.0 22.2 27.9
Occupation Non-manual 24.5 <0.001 22.7 <0.001 27.4 <0.001
Manual 37.4 31.7 49.8
Employment type Regular worker 27.1 <0.001 24.5 <0.001 32.4 <0.001
Irregular worker 43.1 38.6 48.9
Shift work No 31.1 0.796 28.6 0.673 37.3 0.307
Yes 31.7 27.4 43.0
Tenure ≤1 34.2 0.015 27.0 0.346 43.9 0.005
(years) 1 < × ≤ 10 30.8 28.7 34.5
>10 27.7 25.5 35.3
Smoking No 32.4 0.031 26.1 0.161 37.4 0.114
Yes 29.0 28.7 55.6
Alcohol consumption No 37.9 <0.001 32.7 0.017 40.9 0.019
Yes 28.6 26.7 34.6
Exercise No 37.4 <0.001 29.5 <0.001 37.9 0.722
  Yes 24.5   22.8   36.6  
  1. *: row percentage.
  2. †: tested by chi-squared test.