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Table 3 Odds ratios of work-related factors for musculoskeletal symptoms by multivariate analysis

From: Risk factors of musculoskeletal symptoms in university hospital nurses

   Unadjusted OR Adjusted OR*
Variables   OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Whole body
ANSI-Z 365 checklist Low 1.00   1.00  
  Moderate 1.58 0.94-2.67 1.28 0.74-2.27
  High 4.62 1.94-11.01 3.59 1.48-8.76
Tenure(year) 0 ~ 4     
  5 ~ 10 0.98 0.62-1.55 0.80 0.47-1.37
  >10 0.89 0.57-1.40 0.86 0.35-2.11
Department Ward     
  Operation room 1.20 0.55-2.67 1.08 0.43-2.77
  ICU 0.95 0.54-1.68 0.92 0.50-1.66
  Other 1.04 0.60-1.80 1.22 0.60-2.49
Shiftwork No     
  Yes 1.20 0.78-1.84 1.30 0.68-2.50
Total job stress Low     
  High 3.48 2.22-5.44 3.19 2.01-5.07
Neck
Tenure(year) 0 ~ 4     
  5 ~ 10 1.87 1.20-2.90 1.72 1.05-2.85
  >10 1.74 1.12-2.70 1.94 0.85-4.41
Department Ward     
  Operation room 1.84 0.91-3.71 2.06 0.91-4.63
  ICU 0.77 0.43-1.38 0.80 0.44-1.46
  Other 1.63 0.99-2.71 1.80 0.93-3.50
Shiftwork No     
  Yes 0.86 0.85-1.30 1.50 0.81-2.79
Total job stress Low    1  
  High 1.96 1.36-2.84 1.93 1.32-2.83
Shoulder
Tenure(year) 0 ~ 4     
  5 ~ 10 1.30 0.85-1.97 1.20 0.78-1.84
  >10 1.74 1.15-2.64 1.77 1.09-2.88
Department Ward     
  Operation room 1.51 0.75-3.03 1.40 0.64-3.03
  ICU 0.72 0.42-1.23 0.77 0.46-1.33
  Other 1.38 0.84-2.26 1.17 0.62-2.19
Shiftwork No     
  Yes 0.74 0.50-1.10 1.06 0.61-1.86
Total job stress Low     
  High 1.91 1.34-2.72 1.98 1.37-2.85
Arm/elbow
Tenure(year) 0 ~ 4     
  5 ~ 10 1.38 0.78-2.43 0.90 0.46-1.76
  >10 2.09 1.23-3.55 0.93 0.34-2.55
Department Ward     
  Operation room 3.96 1.42-11.06 4.10 1.21-13.90
  ICU 0.61 0.14-2.76 0.81 0.17-3.75
  Other 1.02 0.23-4.68 1.52 0.46-4.92
Shiftwork No     
  Yes 0.44 0.20-0.95 0.96 0.33-2.76
Total job stress Low     
  High 2.85 1.32-6.17 3.30 1.46-7.50
Hand/wrist/finger
Tenure(year) 0 ~ 4     
  5 ~ 10 1.38 0.78-2.43 0.90 0.45-1.76
  >10 2.10 1.23-3.56 0.93 0.34-2.56
Department Ward     
  Operation room 3.06 1.43-6.53 2.66 1.10-4.90
  ICU 0.49 0.18-1.20 0.46 0.17-1.21
  Other 2.81 1.61-4.94 2.33 1.11-4.91
  High     
Shiftwork No     
  Yes 0.44 0.27-0.71 0.92 0.46-1.86
Total job stress Low     
  High 2.33 1.49-3.67 2.66 1.63-4.32
Waist
Tenure(year) 0 ~ 4     
  5 ~ 10 1.01 0.66-1.52 0.86 0.53-1.40
  >10 0.64 0.41-0.98 0.83 0.37-1.85
Department Ward     
  Operation room 1.05 0.52-2.12 1.41 0.61-3.24
  ICU 0.70 0.41-1.20 0.66 0.38-1.17
  Other 1.00 0.60-1.64 1.99 1.01-3.94
Shiftwork No     
  Yes 1.56 1.03-2.36 1.83 0.97-3.43
Total job stress Low     
  High 2.47 1.72-3.54 2.37 1.64-3.43
Knee
Tenure(year) 0 ~ 4     
  5 ~ 10 1.03 0.66-1.62 0.77 0.45-1.30
  >10 1.05 0.67-1.65 0.74 0.32-1.73
Department Ward     
  Operation room 3.91 1.91-8.00 3.87 1.67-8.81
  ICU 0.79 0.43-1.44 0.78 0.42-1.44
  Other 1.33 0.79-2.25 1.45 0.73-2.88
Shiftwork No     
  Yes 0.74 0.48-1.12 1.06 0.57-1.99
Total job stress Low     
  High 1.99 1.36-2.90 2.00 1.35-2.96
Foot/ankle
Tenure(year) 0 ~ 4     
5 ~ 10 0.70 0.40-1.28 0.49 0.24-1.00
  >10 0.74 0.41-1.33 0.61 0.20-1.83
Department Ward     
  Operation room 1.21 0.48-3.06 2.34 0.80-6.90
  ICU 0.56 0.23-1.36 0.53 0.22-13.5
  Other 1.53 0.83-2.87 5.22 2.02-13.52
Shiftwork No     
  Yes 1.78 1.23-3.37 4.28 1.70-4.86
Total job stress Low     
  High 2.84 1.74-4.64 1.16 0.30-4.41
  1. *odds ratio adjusted for age, ANSI Z-365 checklist, tenure, department, shiftwork, total job stress.
  2. Intensive care unit.
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