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Table 4 Odds ratios of depressive symptoms associated with general characteristics and employment by sex in older Koreans

From: Employment and occupation effects on late-life depressive symptoms among older Koreans: a cross-sectional population survey

  Male Female
OR 95 % CIa OR 95 % CIa
Age (years)
 55–64 1.44 1.02–2.04 1.25 0.97–1.62
  ≥ 65 1.0   1.0  
Educational status
  ≤ Primary School 2.12 1.26–3.54 0.92 0.53–1.59
 Middle school 1.79 1.04–3.06 0.89 0.47–1.67
 High school 1.57 0.95–2.60 1.01 0.55–1.82
  ≥ College 1.0   1.0  
Household income
 1Q (High) 0.82 0.52–1.30 1.50 1.04–2.15
 2Q 0.68 0.43–1.06 1.04 0.72–1.50
 3Q 0.58 0.37–0.93 1.22 0.84–1.76
 4Q (Low) 1.0   1.0  
Family members
 1 person 1.74 1.09–2.78 1.11 0.87–1.43
  ≥ 2 persons 1.0   1.0  
General health status
 Excellent/Good 0.49 0.34–0.70 0.56 0.42–0.73
 Fair/Bad 1.0   1.0  
Exercise Capacity
 Yes (Can) 1.02 0.32–3.26 0.46 0.27–0.77
 No (Cannot) 1.0   1.0  
Daily life Capacity
 Yes (Can) 0.39 0.16–0.95 0.48 0.30–0.76
 No (Cannot) 1.0   1.0  
Sleep duration
  ≤ 5 h 1.45 1.02–2.08 1.44 1.18–1.76
 6–8 h 1.0   1.0  
  ≥ 9 h 1.25 0.78–2.00 1.05 0.73–1.51
Drinking
  < 2.5 Times 1.03 0.75–1.42 1.08 0.66–1.77
  ≥ 2.5 Times 1.0   1.0  
Smoking
 Current smoking 0.91 0.58–1.42 1.48 0.89–2.45
 Ex smoking 0.72 0.48–1.10 1.09 0.67–1.77
 Non-smoking 1.0   1.0  
Employment status
 Employed 0.69 0.49–0.97 0.91 0.74–1.14
 Unemployed 1.0   1.0  
  1. a 95 % confidence interval