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Table 2 Relationship between job-related stress factor and sleep disorder by gender

From: The association of relational and organizational job stress factors with sleep disorder: analysis of the 3rd Korean working conditions survey (2011)

Characteristics N % Female (N = 14616) p-value Male (N = 21285) p-value
Yes (%) No (%) Yes (%) No (%)
High job demand      <0.001    0.019
 Low 17671 49.2 85 (1.1) 7675 (98.9)   164 (1.7) 9748 (98.3)  
 High 18230 50.8 133 (1.9) 6724 (98.1)   238 (2.1) 11136 (97.9)  
Insufficient job control      0.020    0.097
 Low 17914 49.9 121 (1.7) 6883 (98.3)   222 (2.0) 10688 (98.0)  
 High 17988 50.1 96 (1.3) 7517 (98.7)   179 (1.7) 10196 (98.3)  
Inadequate social support      0.170    0.071
 Low 19725 57.7 98 (1.3) 7359 (98.7)   216 (1.8) 12052 (98.2)  
 High 14459 42.3 100 (1.6) 6172 (98.4)   173 (2.1) 8014 (97.9)  
Job insecurity      0.431    0.017
 Low 14067 39.2 87 (1.4) 6129 (98.6)   125 (1.6) 7726 (98.4)  
 High 21835 60.8 131 (1.6) 8270 (98.4)   276 (2.1) 13159 (97.9)  
Lack of reward      <0.001    <0.001
 Low 24327 67.8 118 (1.2) 9701 (98.8)   208 (1.4) 14299 (98.6)  
 High 11575 32.2 99 (2.1) 4698 (97.9)   193 (2.8) 6585 (97.2)  
Discrimination experience      <0.001    <0.001
 No 31487 87.7 133 (1.1) 12528 (98.9)   305 (1.6) 18517 (98.4)  
 Yes 4419 12.3 84 (4.3) 1871 (95.7)   97 (3.9) 2367 (96.1)  
Direct customer confrontation      <0.001    <0.001
 Low 33212 92.5 166 (1.3) 13056 (98.7)   346 (1.7) 19644 (98.3)  
 High 2691 7.5 51 (3.7) 1344 (96.3)   55 (4.2) 1241 (95.8)  
Emotional stress      <0.001    <0.001
 Low 6054 16.9 18 (0.7) 2560 (99.3)   23 (0.7) 3453 (99.3)  
 High 29849 83.1 199 (1.7) 11840 (98.3)   378 (2.1) 17431 (97.9)  
Work dissatisfaction (detailed)      0.083    <0.001
 Low 5585 15.6 22 (1.1) 2057 (98.9)   30 (0.9) 3475 (99.1)  
 High 30317 84.4 195 (1.6) 12342 (98.4)   371 (2.1) 17409 (97.9)  
Work dissatisfaction (overall)      <0.001    <0.001
 Low 26447 73.7 118 (1.1) 10922 (98.9)   213 (1.4) 15193 (98.6)  
 High 9456 26.3 99 (2.8) 3477 (97.2)   188 (3.2) 5691 (96.8)  
Organizational system dissatisfaction     0.008    <0.001
 Low 30062 83.7 168 (1.4) 12105 (98.6)   306 (1.7) 17483 (98.3)  
 High 5840 16.3 49 (2.1) 2294 (97.9)   95 (2.7) 3402 (97.3)  
Expression of opinion difficulty      0.061    0.002
 Low 16023 44.6 103 (1.7) 5925 (98.3)   216 (2.2) 9779 (97.8)  
 High 19879 55.4 114 (1.3) 8474 (98.7)   185 (1.6) 11105 (98.4)  
Total 35902 100.0 217 (1.5) 14399 (98.5)   401 (1.9) 20884 (98.1)  
  1. P-value of chi-squared Pearson’s test