Skip to main content

Table 1 General characteristics, including demographic and lifestyle data, of the study subjects

From: Urinary arsenic species concentration in residents living near abandoned metal mines in South Korea

Characteristics Total Province p-value
Gangwon/Kyounggi/Inchon Daegu/Gyeongbuk Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam Jeonnam/Jeonbuk Chungnam/Chungbuk
Total 119 25(21.0) 25(21.0) 14(11.8) 36(30.3) 19(16.0)  
Gender Male 54(45.4) 7(28.0) 13(52.0) 4(28.6) 19(52.8) 11(57.9) 0.132
Female 65(54.6) 18(72.0) 12(48.0) 10(71.4) 17(47.2) 8(42.1)  
Age(yr) mean ± std 70.76 ± 9.17 71.44 ± 9.51 71.12 ± 7.10 70.57 ± 7.94 68.89 ± 11.01 73.11 ± 8.31 0.578
41–59 13(10.9) 2(8.0) 1(4.0) 2(14.3) 7(19.4) 1(5.3) 0.541
60–69 37(31.1) 8(32.0) 7(28.0) 3(21.4) 13(36.1) 6(31.6)  
≥70 69(58.0) 15(60.0) 17(68.0) 9(64.3) 16(44.4) 12(63.2)  
Period fo residence(yr) mean ± std 50.28 ± 23.77 40.04 ± 24.30 57.68 ± 21.56 52.93 ± 20.53 51.92 ± 25.41 48.42 ± 22.50 0.117
≤40 35(29.7) 12(50.0) 3(12.0) 4(28.6) 11(30.6) 5(26.3) 0.178
41–60 37(31.4) 7(29.2) 9(36.0) 3(21.4) 10(27.8) 8(42.1)  
≥61 46(39.0) 5(20.8) 13(52.0) 7(50.0) 15(41.7) 6(31.6)  
Smoking Current smoker 14(11.8) 2(8.0) 5(20.0) 2(14.3) 5(13.9) 0 (0.0) 0.379
Ex-smoker 22(18.5) 3(12.0) 6(24.0) 2(14.3) 5(13.9) 6(31.6)  
Non-smoker 83(69.7) 20(80.0) 14(56.0) 10(71.4) 26(72.2) 13(68.4)  
Alcohol Drinking 64(53.8) 10(40.0) 18(72.0) 5(35.7) 23(63.9) 8(42.1) 0.048
Non-drinking 55(46.2) 15(60.0) 7(28.0) 9(64.3) 13(36.1) 11(57.9)  
House income(KRW) Below 500,000 63(52.9) 19(76.0) 11(44.0) 7(50.0) 18(50.0) 8(42.1) 0.035
500,000–1,000,000 20(16.8) 1(4.0) 3(12.0) 3(21.4) 11(30.6) 2(10.5)  
1,000,000–2,000,000 36(30.3) 5(20.0) 11(44.0) 4(28.6) 7(19.4) 9(47.4)  
Mine working history Yes 17(14.4) 0 (0.0) 10(40.0) 1(7.1) 5(13.9) 1(5.6) 0.001
No 101(85.6) 25(100.0) 15(60.0) 13(92.9) 31(86.1) 17(94.4)  
Dietary water Tap water 30(31.9) 3(12.5) 3(50.0) 5(41.7) 10(27.8) 9(56.3) 0.037
Underground water 64(68.1) 21(87.5) 3(50.0) 7(58.3) 26(72.2) 7(43.8)  
Herbicide Yes 73(70.2) 13(52.0) 9(90.0) 10(71.4) 26(72.2) 15(78.9) 0.158
No 31(29.8) 12(48.0) 1(10.0) 4(28.6) 10(27.8) 4(21.1)  
\