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Table 3 Factors associated with SP among health care workers, Western Ethiopia, 2017 (N = 344)

From: Sick at work: prevalence and determinants among healthcare workers, western Ethiopia: an institution based cross-sectional study

Variables Sickness presenteeism COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) p-values
Yes No
Marital status
 Unmarried/single 55 69 1.00 1.00  
 Married/Cohabiting 121 89 1.71 (1.09–2.669) 1.63 (0.86–3.09) p = 0.019*
 Widowed /separated/divorced 5 5 1.26 (0.34–4.55) 0.88 (0.15–5.15)  
Educational status
 Diploma and below 59 72 1.00 1.00  
 First degree and above 122 91 1.64(1.05–2.53) 2.13(1.166–3.89) p = 0.014**
Profession
 Doctors 26 11 2.76 (1.19–6.34) 1.84 (0.57–5.90) p = 0.017*
 Nurses 71 54 1.53 (0.86–2.70) 1.88 (0.84–4.20)  
 Midwives 23 26 1.03 (0.50–2.11) 0.90 (0.35–2.28)  
 Pharmacists 11 15 0.86 (0.34–2.09) 1.31 (0.37–4.61)  
 Laboratory technologists 14 15 1.09 (0.46–2.55) 0.89 (0.25–3.18)  
 Other professionalsa 36 42 1.00 1.00  
Personal financial problem
 No 86 101 1.00 1.00  
 Yes 95 62 1.8(1.17–2.767) 1.93 (1.07–3.45) p = 0.028**
Health problems/conditions
 Acute 76 72 1.00 1.00  
 Chronic 105 37 2.68 (1.64–4.40) 0.85 (`0.39–1.85) p = 0.0001*
sickness absenteeism/Sick leave used
 Never take sick leave 96 120 1.00 1.00  
 Sick leave used twice and more 85 43 2.47 (1.56–3.89) 2.74 (1.49–5.02) p = 0.001**
Lack of replacement availability
 No 76 101 1.00 1.00  
 Yes 105 62 2.25 (1.46–3.46) 2.64 (1.46–4.78) p = 0.001**
Presence of basic occupational health service at hospitals
 No 162 137 1.61 (0.85–3.05) 2.99 (1.34–6.69) p = 0.007**
 Yes 19 26 1.00 1.00  
Pressure from teams leader/supervisors
 No 89 102 1.00 1.00  
 Yes 92 61 1.72 (1.12–2.65) 1.83 (1.01–3.31) p = 0.047**
  1. Keys: - 1.00 = Reference category; othera = Anesthetists, Health Officers, Optometrists, Physiotherapists, Psychiatrists, Radiologists;* = significant in bivariate logistic regression model;** = significant in multivariate logistic regression model; AOR = Adjusted Odds ratios; CI=Confidence Interval; COR = crude Odds ratios