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Table 2 Cancer sites/ tumors with sufficient evidence for causal associations with x-ray and gamma-ray exposure

From: Radiation-related occupational cancer and its recognition criteria in South Korea

Organ site Selected key studies
Stomach Boice et al. (1988) [42], Mattsson et al. (1997) [43], Carr et al.
Colon (2002) [44], Preston et al. (2003, 2007) [45, 46]
Lung Darby et al. (1994) [47], Preston et al. (2003, 2007) [45, 46]
Basal cell skin carcinoma Weiss et al. (1994) [48], Carr et al. (2002) [44], Gilbert et al.
(2003) [49], Preston et al. (2003, 2007) [45, 46]
Schneider et al. (1985) [50], Ron et al. (1991, 1998) [51, 52], Little et al. (1997) [53], Shore et al. (2002)[54], Preston et al. (2007) [46]
Female breast Howe & McLaughlin (1996) [55], Preston et al. (2002, 2003, 2007) [45, 46, 56]
Thyroid Lundell et al. (1994) [57], Lindberg et al. (1995) [58], Ron et al. (1995) [59], Preston et al. (2007) [46]
Leukemia, excluding CLL Little et al. (1999) [60], Travis et al. (2000) [61], Preston et al. (2003, 2004) [45, 62], Muirhead et al. (2009) [63]
  1. Source: Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans [9]. CLL, chronic lymphocytic leukemia