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Table 7 Asbestos exposure levels by industries in Korea

From: Review of carcinogenicity of asbestos and proposal of approval standards of an occupational cancer caused by asbestos in Korea

Industrya <1990 1991 ~ 1999 2000 ~ 2008 Total
Foamed Plastic Products   5.12   5.12
Other Articles of Paper and Paperboard n.e.c.b   3.54   3.54
Surface-Active Agents    2.45 2.45
Asbestos, Mineral Wools and Other Similar Products 7.48 0.91 0.02 2.04
Cast of Iron and Steel 1.54    1.54
Weaving of Man-Made Fiber Fabrics   1.52   1.52
Moulding Patterns, Moulds and Industrial Patterns    1.51 1.51
Sale of Motor Vehicle New Parts and Accessories 1.41    1.41
Cutting, Shaping and Finishing of Stone    1.18 1.18
Paperboard Boxes and Containers    0.98 0.98
Industrial Un-vulcanized Rubber Products    0.96 0.96
Other Paper and Paperboard   0.00 1.61 0.81
Spinning of Wool    0.74 0.74
Repair Services of Motor Vehicles Specializing in Parts 0.93 0.56   0.68
Tires and Tubes    0.66 0.66
Synthetic Resin and Other Plastic Materials   0.04 0.83 0.63
Stone Products for Construction 0.46 0.74   0.60
Abrasive Articles   0.56   0.56
Taps, Valves and Similar Products    0.56 0.56
Other Parts and Accessories for Motor Vehicles n. e. c.    0.54 0.54
Synthetic Rubber    0.47 0.47
General Repair Services of Motor Vehicles    0.44 0.44
Other Parts and Accessories for Motor Vehicles n. e. c. 0.42    0.42
Other Insulated Wire and Cable    0.36 0.36
General Paints and Similar Products    0.32 0.32
Other Maintenance and Repair Services of General Machinery 0.23    0.23
Other Structural Metal Products    0.21 0.21
Electric Lamps and Electric Bulbs    0.20 0.20
Sections for Ships   0.06 0.24 0.18
General Construction   0.17   0.17
Insulated Codes Sets and Other Conductors for Electricity    0.12 0.12
Research and Experimental Development On Other Engineering    0.12 0.12
Sanitary Paper Products    0.12 0.12
Other Special Purpose Machinery, n.e.c.    0.11 0.11
Synthetic Rubber and of Plastics in Primary Forms    0.11 0.11
Paper Sacks and Paper Bags    0.11 0.11
Rubber Products    0.11 0.11
Aircraft Parts and Accessories   0.095   0.095
Parts and Accessories for Motor Vehicles and Engines   0.183 0.001 0.092
Building of Steel Ships   0.076   0.076
Special Yarns and Tire Cord Fabrics   0.073   0.073
Other Unclassified Non-metallic Minerals n. e. c.   0.069   0.069
Other Refractory Ceramic Products   0.064   0.064
Adhesives and Gelatin    0.055 0.055
Hot Rolled, Drawn and Extruded Iron or Steel Products   0.040   0.040
Apartment Building Construction   0.039   0.039
Parts and Accessories for Motor Engines   0.073 0.002 0.038
Heat Treatment of Metals    0.034 0.034
Broadcasting and Wireless Telecommunication Apparatuses   0.028   0.028
Other Footwear    0.026 0.026
Agricultural and Forestry Machinery   0.046 0.003 0.024
Other Sound Equipment   0.022   0.022
General Electric Lighting Fixture    0.020 0.020
Pharmaceutical Goods Other Than Medicaments    0.016 0.016
Waste Treatment Services    0.016 0.016
Electric Motors and Generators   0.014   0.014
Supporting, Railway Transport Activities    0.014 0.014
Cellulose Fiber Cement Products    0.013 0.013
Disposal of Hazardous Waste    0.013 0.013
Other Plastic Products n.e.c.   0.012   0.012
Other Rubber Products n.e.c.   0.012   0.012
Passenger Motor Vehicles   0.023 0.000 0.012
Other Fertilizers and Nitrogen Compounds    0.012 0.012
Other Work trucks, Lifting and Handling Equipment   0.009   0.009
Saws, Saw Blades and Interchangeable Tools   0.009   0.009
Other Basic Iron and Steel   0.008   0.008
Machinery for Food, Beverage and Tobacco Processing   0.008   0.008
Forging of Metal    0.008 0.008
Packaging Plastics and Shipping Containers   0.008   0.008
All Other Chemical Products n.e.c.    0.007 0.007
Metal Pressed and Stamped Products   0.007   0.007
All Other Glass and its Products n.e.c.    0.007 0.007
Pottery and Ceramic Household or Ornamental Ware    0.006 0.006
Engraving, Cutting and Similar Processing of Metals or Other Materials    0.006 0.006
Other Electronic Valves, Tubes and Electronic Components n.e.c.   0.011 0.002 0.006
Pulp    0.006 0.006
Broadcasting via Cable, Satellite and Other Broadcasting   0.005   0.005
Hazardous Waste Collection    0.005 0.005
Other Domestic Electric Appliances   0.005   0.005
Other Electric Motors, Generators and Transformers    0.004 0.004
General Hospitals    0.004 0.004
Electric Power Generation    0.004 0.004
Powder Metallurgic Products    0.003 0.003
Basic Organic Petrochemicals   0.010 0.000 0.003
Pumps and Compressors    0.003 0.003
Industrial Process Control Equipment    0.002 0.002
Residential Property Management    0.002 0.002
Other Manufacturing n.e.c.    0.001 0.001
Total 1.78 0.41 0.25 0.39
  1. athe 9th Korean Standard Industrial Classification code name
  2. bnot elsewhere classified
  3. All data were presented arithmetic mean (f//m)